FAQ About Storytelling

11 months ago | gizem

What is the difference between a protagonist and an antagonist?

The protagonist and antagonist are two essential characters in a story, often central to the conflict and plot development. They represent opposing forces and play distinct roles in the narrative:


  • The protagonist is the main character of the story, around whom the plot revolves. They are typically the one readers or viewers root for and with whom they empathize. The protagonist is usually the character whose goals, desires, and challenges drive the story forward. They experience growth, face obstacles, and often undergo a transformation throughout the narrative.

Key Characteristics of the Protagonist:

  • Central to the story's events and developments.
  • Drives the narrative by pursuing goals or facing challenges.
  • Readers or viewers connect emotionally and empathize with their journey.
  • The protagonist's actions and decisions impact the course of the story.
  • Often undergoes personal growth or change over the course of the story.


  • The antagonist is the character or force that opposes the protagonist's goals and creates conflict. Antagonists can take various forms, such as human characters, animals, nature, society, internal struggles, or even abstract concepts. They introduce challenges, obstacles, and tension that the protagonist must overcome, driving the plot forward. While antagonists are typically in opposition to the protagonist, their motivations and actions can vary widely, and they may have complex reasons for their behavior.

Key Characteristics of the Antagonist:

  • Creates conflict by opposing the protagonist's goals or desires.
  • Introduces obstacles, challenges, and dilemmas that the protagonist must face.
  • Provides a source of tension and helps drive the narrative's momentum.
  • May have motivations that are understandable or relatable, adding depth to their character.
  • Can be human, non-human, or abstract, depending on the story's genre and themes.