Understanding the Basics of Cybersecurity

FAQ About Understanding the Basics of Cybersecurity

What are the common threats to cybersecurity?

Malware: Malware refers to any software designed to harm or exploit a computer system, such as viruses, worms, and Trojan horses.

Phishing: Phishing is a type of social engineering attack that uses fraudulent emails or websites to trick users into providing sensitive information, such as usernames, passwords, or credit card details.

Password attacks: Password attacks involve attempting to guess or crack passwords to gain unauthorized access to a computer system or network.

Denial-of-service (DoS) attacks: DoS attacks aim to overload a system with traffic, causing it to crash or become unavailable to legitimate users.

Man-in-the-middle (MitM) attacks: MitM attacks involve intercepting and modifying data as it travels between two systems, allowing an attacker to steal sensitive information or manipulate data.

Ransomware: Ransomware is a type of malware that encrypts a victim's files and demands a ransom in exchange for the decryption key.

Insider threats: Insider threats refer to malicious or careless actions taken by employees, contractors, or other authorized users of a system.

Advanced persistent threats (APTs): APTs are long-term, targeted attacks aimed at stealing sensitive information or disrupting critical infrastructure.

Zero-day exploits: Zero-day exploits are vulnerabilities or weaknesses in software that are unknown to the software's developer and can be exploited by attackers.

Internet of Things (IoT) attacks: IoT attacks involve exploiting vulnerabilities in connected devices, such as smart home appliances, to gain unauthorized access to a network.