Understanding the Basics of Cybersecurity

FAQ About Understanding the Basics of Cybersecurity

What are the types of cyberattacks?

Malware attacks: Malware is a type of software designed to harm or exploit a computer system, and can include viruses, worms, and Trojan horses.

Phishing attacks: Phishing is a type of social engineering attack that uses fraudulent emails or websites to trick users into providing sensitive information.

Man-in-the-middle (MitM) attacks: MitM attacks involve intercepting and modifying data as it travels between two systems, allowing an attacker to steal sensitive information or manipulate data.

Denial-of-service (DoS) attacks: DoS attacks aim to overload a system with traffic, causing it to crash or become unavailable to legitimate users.

Distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks: DDoS attacks involve using multiple systems to launch a coordinated DoS attack on a single target.

Ransomware attacks: Ransomware is a type of malware that encrypts a victim's files and demands a ransom in exchange for the decryption key.

Advanced persistent threats (APTs): APTs are long-term, targeted attacks aimed at stealing sensitive information or disrupting critical infrastructure.

Zero-day attacks: Zero-day attacks exploit vulnerabilities or weaknesses in software that are unknown to the software's developer.

SQL injection attacks: SQL injection attacks exploit vulnerabilities in a website's code to gain unauthorized access to a database.

Cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks: XSS attacks involve injecting malicious code into a website to steal sensitive information or perform other malicious actions.

Password attacks: Password attacks involve attempting to guess or crack passwords to gain unauthorized access to a computer system or network.

Insider attacks: Insider attacks refer to malicious or careless actions taken by employees, contractors, or other authorized users of a system.

Physical attacks: Physical attacks involve physically accessing a system or network, such as stealing a laptop or accessing a server room without authorization.