Understanding the Basics of Cybersecurity

FAQ About Understanding the Basics of Cybersecurity

What is ransomware?

Ransomware is a type of malicious software (malware) that is designed to encrypt a victim's files or lock a victim out of their system, rendering the data inaccessible, and then demand payment (usually in cryptocurrency) in exchange for the decryption key or access to the system.

Ransomware can be distributed in a variety of ways, including through email attachments, malicious websites, and vulnerable software or operating systems. Once the ransomware infects a system, it typically displays a message or image demanding payment in exchange for restoring access to the encrypted data or locked system.

Ransomware attacks can have significant consequences for individuals and organizations, often resulting in the loss of sensitive data or disruption of critical systems. Protecting against ransomware requires a combination of prevention, detection, and response. Prevention measures include keeping software and operating systems up to date with security patches, avoiding suspicious email attachments or downloads, and using anti-malware software. Detection measures include monitoring network traffic for signs of ransomware activity, while response measures include isolating infected systems, restoring backups, and evaluating options for recovering data and system access without paying the ransom.